Updated: May 28, 2020
When it comes to flooring, most homeowners commonly think of either marble or tiles. However, there are a number of flooring options available in India, some of which are common, while others are lesser known. Each of these options have their own merits in terms of aesthetics, costs, durability and other factors.
Flooring can be very expensive if you don't know your options well. However, if you are aware of the options available, you are more likely to make an appropriate purchasing decision that is suitable to your budget.
1. Vinyl flooring
One of the easiest flooring materials to install is vinyl. This is true especially if your existing floor is in good shape. It's also the cheapest because you can go right over the existing flooring and won't have the expense of major installation supplies. Vinyl comes in several types so you can shop based on price, aesthetics or installation method. The cheapest type tends to be peel-and-stick tile, followed by peel-and-stick planks and sheet vinyl.
Linoleum is a resilient flooring material, meaning that it compresses and yet bounces back when walked on, giving it a slight cushioning effect. Vinyl and cork are other types of resilient floorings.
Linoleum comes in glue-down sheets and snap-together tiles. It’s made from all natural, renewable materials including linseed oil, cork powder (which gives linoleum its bounce and resilience), pine resins and wood flour. Limestone dust may be added for hardness and durability. Pigment dyes give linoleum flooring various colors and patterns that range from subtle to vividly expressive. Although it’s often confused with vinyl flooring, sheet-type linoleum is a much stiffer material than sheet vinyl.
3. Wooden Laminate Flooring
Most modern Indian homes use wooden laminate flooring because of easy maintenance that it offers. It further adds warmth to the room layout. Floating wood or laminated wood tile is extremely simple in installation. Floating Wood Tile is relatively new to household flooring. It is composed of a synthetic material that stimulates a wood appearance which is then laminated. The only drawback to this flooring is that it can be very slippery when wet.
4. Marble Flooring
Marble is a naturally occurring material found at various places throughout India. Associated with style and opulence, marble is available in a variety of colors including pink, grey and white. The material is highly porous and fairly easy to maintain, sometimes lasting more than 25 years, when cared for properly. However, it has been noticed that some low-quality stones tend to turn yellowish over the years.
5. Vitrified Tile Flooring
Vitrified tiles are composed of a mixture of clay and other minerals like silica, quartz and feldspar baked at high temperatures. Generally coated with an external glaze, these tiles have a low water absorption rate and are durable. They come in a large variety of designs, colours, prints and textures. Tiles can also be designed to simulate natural materials such as wood, bamboo and even marble. An affordable option suitable for both interior and exterior use, vitrified tiles are available in glossy, matte and anti-skid finishes.
6. Granite Flooring
A naturally occurring stone available in a variety of colors in the Indian market, granite flooring can bring a note of sophistication to any setting. Due to its high stain resistance and durability, granite is fairly easy to maintain and only needs protection from scratches. The stone keeps cool for most parts of the year and hence is a good choice for flooring in India.
7. Bamboo Flooring
Bamboo is a naturally occurring material and the flooring done in this material resembles hardwood flooring. Bamboo Flooring is fairly easy to maintain as it is water and stain resistant and can bring a distinctly sophisticated feel to your home decor. The only factors that can mar the uber-chic look of a bamboo flooring are scratches which inevitably find a place on it. Humid weather can cause the Bamboo planks to plump up, so it’s best used in moderately dry conditions.
8. Concrete Flooring
Concrete is a man-made product composed of cement, rocks, granite chips and other material. Flooring done in concrete is strong and probably among the most durable flooring options out there. Concrete flooring is largely damage resistant ,except for slight chipping and scratching due to wear and tear. However, moisture can adversely affect a badly done floor with cracks and craters. Today, concrete floors are found in a wide range of colours and textures in Indian homes.
9. Brick Flooring
Made mostly from clay, shale, and kaolin, brick is comprised largely of natural materials. Due to its cost effectiveness, brick flooring is widely popular in most parts of India. Known for their extraordinary strength, fire resistance, and extensive durability, bricks are easy to clean.It is thinner than regular bricks used in walls and structural elements. It also has a smoother, less porous surface.Aesthetically versatile, brick flooring can be laid out in different patterns including staggered, basket weave and other arrangements. This is one of the best options if you are looking for a floor which maintains a moderate temperature to add a hint of a rustic style to your home.
We hope you will be able to find something suitable for your home here, or at least gain some understanding about different flooring materials.
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Credits : https://www.thespruce.com/pros-and-cons-of-brick-flooring-1314695